Author: Lourdes Perez Navarro
January 10, 2009 0:40:08 CDT
A CubaNews translation.
Edited by Walter Lippmann.
A little over two years ago, the Resolution 188 of 2006, issued by the Minister of Labor and Social Security, came into effect. Consequently, institutions created or updated their internal disciplinary regulations. The aim was to strengthen labor discipline, educate the workers and deal with the lack of discipline and illegalities present in work places.
The draft [of this Resolution] was discussed and analyzed in meetings with workers before its approval, because it establishes rules and obligations at the workplace. Obligations include punctuality, meeting schedules, not leaving the workplace during working hours without permission of the supervisor, etc. It also states prohibitions like, not punching the card or signing the attendance record of another employee, and serious offenses, such as repeated absences, unjustified unpunctuality, and disregarding warnings and remonstrances.
According to Resolution 188, administrations are obliged to disclose and permanently explain to the workers the internal disciplinary regulations. Workers must obey regulations, or be subject to different disciplinary sanctions, depending on the gravity of the infraction.
It is known that lack of labor discipline slows production rates, erodes service quality and efficiency, and damages the country’s economy. It also dissatisfies the population. For example, if a machine operator doesn’t arrive on time, he interrupts or reduces that day’s production. If a lab technician is absent from work, a number of clinical trials can no longer be made.
These things are happening now. Specialists of the Ministry of Labor and Social Security monitored 2 042 companies and budgeted units during May-June 2008. The study showed that 60% of the workers did not comply with their working day.
They recorded 26 622 violations of labor discipline. Some of them were: late arrivals (46%), taking more than the allotted time for recess and eating (19%), working less than the stipulated working hours(13%), leaving before closing time(10% ) performing other unauthorized activities (5%), and leaving the workplace without proper authorization (4%).
Are a lot of financial and material resources needed to control and enforce discipline and efficient performance during the working day in each workplace? Or do we need more control, supervision and organization at the workplace?
Local administrations and directors are responsible for ongoing observation and control of how their workers comply with their obligations and abide by the rules established. Higher instances must be more demanding.
Why are internal disciplinary regulations put away in a drawer? On the contrary, they should be displayed on the workplace bulletin board, so all workers can see them. The Boards of Directors should periodically discuss the results of internal control checks.
Lack of labor discipline is not only personal. Certainly, those who violate discipline have names, and are liable to disciplinary actions that affect their pocket, their prestige or, in more serious cases, cost them their jobs.
But, this is not the only consequence. It damages the workers collective image, hinders completing economic plans, and affects the quality and efficiency of service. That is why labor discipline should be discussed in workers assemblies, at least once each quarter. This can not continue to be a problem.
Author: Sara Flat Sariol
August 8, 2009
A CubaNews translation.
Edited by Walter Lippmann.
GRANMA. – Because it increased the number of inspectors, this territory expects to be able to follow up the program designed to achieve bigger electric power savings in factories and service units.
The insufficient number of inspectors hampered the detection of management flaws in controlling the measures to optimize savings. In July – to mention one period – the territory exceeded its expenditure plan by 3,6%. This means it used around 2,000 MW*hour more. This is equivalent to covering the demand of the territory for more than 24 hours.
According to information received from managers of the Electric Company of Granma, the province was able to employ one hundred new supervisors. This will allow it to systematically control each of its units.
Examiners in each Popular Council, will support these inspections, which will intensify during this month of August when the celebration of carnivals in Bayamo and Manzanillo can increase electricity expenditure.
Although daily assignment has been raised for this period with respect to the previous month, local authorities insist on carrying saving measures to the maximum. They plan to influence those companies that persist in using electricity without defining their [savings] plans or that do not follow self reading procedures, among other frequent violations.
Author: Leticia Martinez
August 8, 2009
A CubaNews translation.
Edited by Walter Lippmann.
I confess I don’t know much about electricity. Both my parents are Automatic Control Engineers and still, I was not the least bit interested in the subject. Besides realizing electricity is needed to move the world, I was never curious as to how they generate it or how much does it cost. Lately, everyday we hear about the need to save it and announcements have brought the subject to the fore.
Dozens of articles on saving or wasting kilowatts, on measures to complete energy plans, on stealing electricity, and on the work of inspectors reach my hands. But, day-to-day reality is more complex. To tighten the belt of saving up to the point of asphyxia has motivated me to write some lines. First I must declare I lift a banner of rationality. I am for saving with intelligence and after proper studies.
As one who is ready to part with something very valuable, I went to the pizza place located on one side of the Trianon Theater. I was celebrating an important date and money was not the most important issue that day, or worrying about what I would do at the end of the month. If what happened to me hadn’t been so absurd, it could move people to laughter. When I ordered two pizzas the waitress answered: “From 6 in the afternoon to 10 in the evening we don’t make pizzas because we are not allowed to turn on the oven”. My mouth fell open, not because I was ready to fill it with the desired pizza, but because behind me other customers were asking for the same thing and leaving absolutely astonished.
I remember it was a Saturday and lots of people were leaving nearby theaters. Others were beginning to enjoy the night and Linea [one of the main streets in Vedado] was full of people. In the meantime, the pizza place waitresses looked very bored leaning against the counter. They were lamenting not being able to sell pizzas. This is the time when most people come by. But, we cannot sell because now the priority is saving, one of them said with the tone of one who doesn’t believe in what she is saying.
And, if this were the only instance there would be nothing to worry about. But, one of my colleagues told me the same thing happened the other night close to the Monaco Theatre, where more than three cafeterias were closed for the same reason. It seems absurd that services are not offered because of some saving plan.
Something similar happens in convenience stores, where these days the only thing we find is an unbearable heat and the dull and sweaty faces of clerks, who are more intent on feeling cooler than on selling. How many clients simply decided no to buy anything rather than withstand such torture, and how many more bought only the most needed things to end it quickly. The pleasure of entering a store and calmly looking for whatever one wanted, or maybe even something extra, has vanished.
We might add to our prior arguments that there is also the possibility some food products might deteriorate, and that it is not very healthy to remain in closed spaces full of clients. Furthermore, if under ideal conditions sometimes clerks do not treat clients well, now it is commonplace.
Focus has been placed on the use of air conditioners, and we can understand why. But, has anyone considered that it can be very harmful to turn them off in certain places? Is it logical to turn them off in places with no windows and full of personnel and computers? Has anyone calculated how many computers could break down because of the heat? And, could it be that turning conditioners on and off is also bad for them? How much are we really saving if later we have to invest to buy new ones?
Yes, I believe that we should save, more and more. But, we cannot grow crazy. Measures cannot be the same everywhere. We have to save in an orderly fashion.
Sometimes it is easier to get to the goal through the shortest road, or as the story goes “to throw away the sofa”. Instead, we have to analyze and study each measure to be taken.
August 20, 2009
Author: MIGUEL FEBLES HERNÁNDEZ
A CubaNews translation.
Edited by Walter Lippmann.
From the cold and faraway Canadian city of Quebec arrive every year the warm solidarity and the sympathy of hundreds of citizens who turn a deaf ear to all anti-Cuban campaigns to travel to our land and get to know it through its people.
Colette Lavergne: “Every visit to Cuba makes us more confirmed in our conviction to fight for a better world”
So was the case of Colette Lavergne, a Quebecois through and through who found out in 1992 that the Cubans were something more than just a hospitable, party-loving people.
“I didn’t want to come. There’s so much misinformation and negative promotion about Cuba in my country, and they vilify and discredit the Revolution and its achievements so much that I expected to find here a sad, downhearted, oppressed people…
“It was quite the opposite, however: I found a happy, dignified and resolved people who defend what belongs to them. They have a country where they live with their head held high and not on bended knee. Since then I fell hopelessly in love with the Cubans.”
Two years later, when the special period had reached crisis point, Colette took her first steps as an activist for solidarity and friendship between Quebec and Cuba.
“I remember my first experience at the Cándido González High School in the city of Matanzas. Ten children had come with my daughter, who was then taking part in an international education program, and a wonderful unity and understanding grew among all those boys and girls.”
Their visit was such a success that in the following year reality went beyond all expectations:
“We organized a preparatory meeting for the following trip and over 300 people turned out who were eager to know Cuba. We had no choice but to rent a plane that we jam-packed with 160 Quebecois. That time we went to Consolación del Sur, in Pinar del Río province.”
Quebec’s solidarity has been steadily mounting ever since by means of various projects to become familiar with life in Cuba, not as simple visitors but through coexistence, involvement and mutual knowledge.
From family to family
Never did the little Guillaume Fournier ever imagine that Fidel and he had the same birthday, let alone that he would once celebrate his harvesting sweet potato, a root vegetable he’d never seen before to boot.
He came with his mom Manon, his sister Annie-Kim, and rest of the Quebec Solidarity Brigade members who these days are visiting Camagüey, since last year the host province for the so-called Family Camp program.
“This project –says Colette, leader of the solidarity organization ARO-International Cooperation– aims at the exchange between families. That’s why we have children with their parents and even a grandma now and then.
“Working in the fields like we’re doing now has been an unforgettable experience and a singular way to bring Cubans, Quebecois and foreign students who live here together in solidarity.”
Alain Menard, a post-office worker who brought his daughter Sabrina so she could see what he felt in five previous trips to Cuba, agrees with Colette:
“This is a country of simple, outgoing, nice people. Every time I come I return to Canada full of optimism and confidence that we can live in a peaceful world where human beings can be brothers and sisters.”
Since 1994, around 5,000 Quebecois have come to Cuba as part of the programs set in motion by Colette Lavergne, a woman who put aside one of her greatest passions –Medical Science– to devote herself body and soul to the work of solidarity with Cuba and its people.
He traveled to Cuba to film the eighth chapter of the History Channel’s World Tour show.
A CubaNews translation. Edited by Walter Lippmann.
Ozzy Osbourne arrives in an old car at Havana’s John Lennon Park. He’s wearing a blue coat over a black T-shirt, black pants, and shoulder-length hair, as well as the famous crucifix on his chest and a thick ring on his left hand. He stops in front of the statue of the Beatle leader and says something in a very low voice. He came with his son Jack Osbourne, followed by a History Channel TV crew bent on recording the legendary Black Sabbath lead vocalist’s every movement.
Ozzy with his son Jack at John Lennon Park (Photo:Yander Zamora)
The origins of such a ritual come from Ozzy’s childhood, indelibly scarred by extreme poverty in deep England. But then his life changed, thanks to a couple of The Beatles’ records that fell into his hands when all indications were that he would be a teenager with a totally gloomy future. He is known to have always loved the dark, but his obsession with the Beatles would even lead him to form his first band along with talented guitarist Tony Iommi. At first they would play blues, but then they embraced the celebration of black magic, the occult, and the symbolic universe of human desolation.
Black Sabbath and heavy metal as a genre and philosophy were thus born.
Already in 2016, Ozzy knows that he is a survivor who got chaos into some sort of order and beat his legends in the last rounds. He is also aware of his huge influence on the world of rock and roll.
The vocalist has more plans for the afternoon. After his homage to Lennon he heads for the Submarino Amarillo (Yellow Submarine), walking unhurriedly, as if cloaked in an unusual kind of peace by no means typical of the wild and somber character that he plays on stage.
Once there, he looks with interest at the allegorical images of The Beatles, reads the excerpts of their songs printed on the walls and sits on a table at the foot of the stage. His son Jack accepts two alcohol-free drinks for him and his father. In front of them is the famous Cuban guitarist Luis Manuel Molina, who pays a little tribute to Ozzy by impeccably playing three of his songs, which Molina has included in his own repertoire: Changes, Dee and Mr. Crowley.
Surprised, the British musician thanks the guitarist and then starts a dialogue with this reporter and three famed journalists and rock music specialists: Guille Vilar, Juan Camacho and Joaquín Borges Triana. “I wouldn’t be here now if it wasn’t for The Beatles. I come from a very poor family, and when I was a young boy they captured my heart.
“When I first listened to them, it was as if all my dreams had showed up right before me. They simply captured my soul, and when I met Paul McCartney it was like meeting God”, Ozzy says, as the History Channel crew begins to tape the meeting.
I ask him about his visit to Lennon’s statue, and he confesses to feeling uncomfortable about such “memorials”.
“I met Ringo and Paul, but I never met John, although I would have loved to. I feel sad when I see his image in some memorial because it reminds me that his being shot was a very cowardly act. It is very sad that a man is murdered who gave people so much pleasure with his music”, he remarks.
In 2001 he released Dreamer, a rather mysterious song in his stock. He admits that the tune was inspired by The Beatles. “Since I’m such a fan of The Beatles, I unconsciously come up with melodies similar to theirs. It’s not that I was trying to write the next Imagine, but I care about the Earth and its places, and about people, violence and war. So it would be good if we could all get along, for we would have a much better world”.
Black Sabbath will make its farewells to the stage following their last world tour, scheduled to start in late January. Ozzy is thinking of forming a band for his new solo career, but he has not decided which musicians he will call yet. “My plan is to go on tour with Black Sabbath, and then I’ll take a short break and write a few new things. I still don’t know who will be in the band. I don’t know if the band I have now will be the same a year from now”.
Black Sabbath’s work with Ozzy as its front man summarizes most of heavy metal’s history. The 67-year-old musician puts the band’s long-lived success down to the friendly atmosphere among its members. “We’re all friends and get on well with one another. As I see it, my only cause is to respect people who pay for a ticket. I’m old enough and wiser than I used to be, so I don’t think it’s fair to have arguments on stage. It’s unfortunate to see how people become greedy, mad and divisive, which in most of the bands I have played with has spoiled the final result of the work, that is, music”.
Ozzy, whom we owed hymns like See you on the other side and I just want you, also mentions the guitarists that he has joined in the past. “When I audition a new guitar player, I send them one of my band’s songs and ask them to play it in front of me. The way I see it, if I’m in the front with my band behind me and I don’t have to say ‘stop’, I’m looking at the best one for me. Truth is, sometimes people overact, and I’m the boss of a machine that produces music, and a team that is not focused on the audience drives me crazy and bothers me”.
The reason for his trip to Cuba is the recording of the eighth chapter of a History Channel program called The World Tour, in which Ozzy describes his impressions about country he is visiting. “This is my first time in Cuba and it’s great. You feel safe here, that’s really great; if I had known I would have come before. We’re having a really good time here”. As if that weren’t enough, he rounds off his comments with a smile when asked about the chance to give a concert on the Island. “I want to come to Cuba to live here, not just to play”, he says before saying goodbye to us and hi to the heavy metal fans who were just arriving in Submarino… to see with their own eyes one of the great legends in the history of rock music.
El motivo de su viaje a Cuba es la grabación del octavo capítulo de un programa de History Channel llamado The world tour
10 de enero de 2016 21:01:34
Ozzy junto a su hijo Jack en el parque Lennon. Foto: Yander Zamora
Ozzy Osbourne llega en un viejo auto al parque John Lennon en La Habana. Lleva una gabardina azul, pulóver negro, pantalón negro, pelo debajo de los hombros, su famoso crucifijo sobre el pecho, y un grueso anillo sobre la mano izquierda. Se detiene frente a la estatua del líder Beatle y dice algo en voz muy baja. Ozzy está acompañado de su hijo Jack Osbourne y de un equipo de la productora de televisión History Channel, que filma cada movimiento del histórico vocalista de Black Sabbath.
Los orígenes de ese ritual yacen en la infancia de Ozzy. El músico, que vivió su niñez atrapado en las garras más feroces de la pobreza en la Inglaterra profunda, vio cómo cambió su vida gracias a un par de discos de Los Beatles que cayeron en sus manos cuando todos los pronósticos apuntaban a que sería un adolescente con un futuro completamente negro. Se sabe que nunca pudo desprenderse de su apego por la oscuridad, pero su obsesión por Los Beatles lo llevaría, incluso, a formar su primera banda junto al talentoso guitarrista Tony Lommi. En principio, se dedicaron al blues pero luego entrarían en el mundo de la celebración de la magia negra, el ocultismo y el universo simbólico de la desolación humana.
De ese modo, nació Black Sabbath y, también, nació el heavy metal como género y filosofía.
El Ozzy 2016 sabe que es un sobreviviente. Sabe que puso orden en el caos, sabe que le ganó a su leyenda en los últimos rounds y sabe, además, de su enorme influencia en el mundo del rock and roll.
El vocalista tiene otros planes para la tarde. Luego de recordar a Lennon va hacia el Submarino Amarillo. Camina con pasos pausados, envuelto en una extraña tranquilad, alejada del personaje salvaje y sombrío que interpreta sobre el escenario.
Ya en la instalación, mira con interés las imágenes alegóricas a Los Beatles, lee las frases de sus canciones impresas en las paredes, se sienta en el centro de una mesa a los pies del escenario y su hijo, Jack, acepta dos bebidas sin alcohol para él y para su padre. Al frente, el notable guitarrista cubano Luis Manuel Molina le dedica un pequeño tributo. Son tres piezas incluidas por Ozzy en su repertorio, Changes, Dee y Mr.Crowley, que Molina interpreta impecablemente.
El músico británico, sorprendido, agradece al guitarrista antes de entablar un diálogo con este redactor y con tres históricos periodistas y especialistas de rock: Guille Vilar, Juan Camacho y Joaquín Borges Triana. “Si no fuera por Los Beatles yo no estaría aquí ahora. Yo vengo de una familia muy pobre y cuando era muchacho me capturaron el corazón.
Cuando los escuché por primera vez, era como si todos mis sueños aparecieran delante de mí. Simplemente capturaron mi alma y cuando conocí a Paul McCartney fue como encontrarme con Dios”, me dice Ozzy al comenzar el encuentro grabado por el equipo de History Channel.
Le pregunto sobre su visita a la estatua de Lennon y me confiesa que no se siente cómodo en ese tipo de “memoriales”.
“He conocido a Ringo, a Paul, pero nunca conocí a John, aunque me hubiera encantado. Me pongo triste cuando veo su imagen en algún memorial porque me recuerda que fue un acto muy cobarde lo del disparo. Fue muy triste el asesinato de un hombre que dio tanto placer a tanta gente a través de su música”, dice.
En el 2001 publicó Dreamer, un tema bastante enigmático en su repertorio. Me confiesa que la canción nació bajo la inspiración de Los Beatles. “Como soy tan fanático de Los Beatles, inconscientemente me sale melodía muy similar a Los Beatles. No era que estaba tratando de hacer una canción, como la próxima Imagine, pero yo me preocupo por la Tierra, los lugares, la gente, la violencia y las guerras. Y entonces sería bueno si todos nos pudiéramos llevarnos bien, tendríamos un mundo mucho mejor”.
Black Sabbath se despedirá de los escenarios tras su última gira mundial que romperá a finales de enero. Para su nueva etapa en solitario está pensando armar una banda, pero todavía no ha definido a qué músicos llamará. “Mis planes son hacer la gira con Black Sabbath y después tomaré un breve descanso y escribiré algunas cosas nuevas. Hasta ahora no sé todavía quién va a estar en la banda. No sé si el grupo que tengo ahora será el que tendré dentro de un año”.
La trayectoria de Black Sabbath con Ozzy como frontman resume una buena parte de la historia del metal. El músico, de 67 años, asegura que la alineación ha funcionado porque existe un clima de amistad entre sus músicos.“Somos todos amigos, nos llevamos bien. Según la manera en que yo lo veo, mi única causa es respetar a la gente que paga por comprar una entrada. Soy lo suficientemente viejo y más sabio ahora de lo que solía ser y no creo que sea justo tener un argumento impostado en el escenario. Es lamentable ver cómo la gente se vuelve avariciosa, se vuelve loca, y se divide. En la mayoría de las bandas con las cuales he estado, eso ha estropeado el resultado final del trabajo, que es la música”.
Ozzy, a quien le debemos himnos como See you in the other side y Just I want you, habla también sobre los guitarristas con los que ha compartido alineación. “Cuando hago una audición para un nuevo guitarrista, les envío una canción de mi banda, y hago que toquen delante de mí. De la manera en que yo lo veo, si estoy delante y mi banda está detrás y yo no tengo que decir alto, eso es un grupo genial para mí. Porque a veces la gente quiere sobreactuar y yo soy el jefe de una máquina que reproduce música y si ese equipo no está enfocado en la audiencia, me saca de quicio y me molesta”.
El motivo de su viaje a Cuba es la grabación del octavo capítulo de un programa de History Channel llamado The world tour, en el que Ozzy va narrando sus impresiones sobre el país que visita. “Esta es mi primera vez en Cuba y es fantástico. Uno se siente seguro aquí, es realmente genial, si lo hubiera sabido habría venido antes. Realmente lo estamos pasando muy bien acá”. Por si fuera poco, remata con una sonrisa cuando se le pregunta sobre la posibilidad de un concierto en la Isla. “Quiero venir a vivir a Cuba, no solo tocar aquí”, lanza antes de despedirse y saludar a los metaleros que iban llegando al Submarino para observar, con sus propios ojos, a una de las grandes leyendas de la historia del rock.
The creation of some kind of procedure to grant self-employment licenses for public transportation based on the same requirements that public bus drivers must meet remains an unresolved matter.
Santiago de Cuba.— Serious violations by any of the parties involved always lay behind every big accident, the experts in charge of clarifying them usually say. And the crash at Ti Arriba in which 13 people were killed and 17 others injured was no exception.
In less than 72 hours following its publication in Granma’s website, the news of what happened last December 28 at 6:50 a.m. had more than 12,300 visits and around 100 comments by readers, mostly requesting information about the cause of the accident and who was responsible, convinced of the lesson to be drawn from it.
The left side of the truck in which thirteen La Maya-bound passengers ended up dead was totally destroyed. (Photo: Provincial Transit Authority)
Data provided by the Ministry of the Interior have it that the blame for what happened lies with La Maya resident Reynier Dip González, 26, who was driving a truck bound for Guantanamo that eventually went onto the lane on which Andrés Gómez Affarriba was driving his own truck from Yerba de Guinea to La Maya.
After avoiding a head-on collision —which allowed each of the drivers to survive unscathed— Reynier’s vehicle’s left side bumped against Andrés’s, leaving it a wreck all the way through the middle of the structure.
As a result, 13 people were killed instantly (seven women, six men, and two boys of 7 and 14) and many more injured, all of whom were on board the Zil-130 truck headed for La Maya. A valid remark, since at first some of the victims were mistakenly said to have been traveling on the other truck.
Provincial Transit Authority’s second-in-command, First Lieutenant Yoandris Rodríguez González, warns that in light of their great responsibility every self-employed owners and drivers of vehicles for public transportation are expected to avoid any violation of Act 109 of the Road Safety Code.
This is all the more imperative if we take into account that Juan Alberto Falcón Santana, the owner of the truck trademarked International that usually traveled the Havana-Santiago de Cuba-Guantanamo route employs three drivers, each of whom has lost their driver’s license at some point in the last three years for breaking the aforesaid legislation.
Dip González caused the accident precisely for violating Article 65 (about the obligation of traveling on the right lane when driving on that kind of highway), the same offense that earned him a ticket in the city of Santa Clara exactly one month before. And he was speeding to boot, considering the activity that his vehicle is designed for (speed limit 60 km/h).
Likewise, the investigation revealed the violation of Article 182—vehicles with technical flaws in the braking system are banned from circulation—since the emergency brake failed to work evenly on each wheel and therefore could not stop the truck from sliding onto the opposite lane.
Actually, this accident did not happen by sheer chance, nor was it just “bad luck”: the ticket issued in Santa Clara, plus the fact that this driver had been imposed another three fines that same year for carrying people to excess, parking beside a set of traffic lights, and going through a red light, make it clear that Reynier Dip was not suitable for this job.
Moreover, each of the other two drivers had been given four fines in 2015 for not having a license and registration, driving a vehicle with technical flaws, forbidden circulation, blocking the way, and distraction, among other traffic violations.
No doubt the existence of rules to grant a self-employment license for this occupation based on the same requirements that state-owned bus drivers must meet remains an unresolved matter.
The most serious of its kind in the last ten years in Santiago de Cuba, this accident not only plunged tens of families into mourning, it also sent the province—where millions of pesos have been invested in traffic signs and preventive work in general— to a hardly flattering third place at national level on the list of road fatalities in 2015.
El establecimiento de algún mecanismo para otorgar licencias en la transportación de pasajeros por cuenta propia, a quienes cumplan exigencias similares a las planteadas para conductores de ómnibus nacionales, aún es una asignatura pendiente
11 de enero de 2016 22:01:29
Destrozado quedó el lateral izquierdo del camión en que fallecen las 13 personas que se dirigían a La Maya. Foto: Unidad Provincial de Tránsito
SANTIAGO DE CUBA.—Violaciones graves por alguna de las partes involucradas están siempre detrás de todo gran accidente, suelen decir los especialistas responsabilizados con su esclarecimiento, y el caso en que fallecieron 13 personas y otras 17 resultaron lesionadas en Ti Arriba, no fue la excepción.
Acaecido a las 6 y 50 de la mañana del pasado 28 de diciembre, la publicación del hecho en la página digital de Granma registró en apenas 72 horas más de 12 300 visitas y cerca de 100 comentarios de lectores, quienes en general solicitaron de modo aleccionador la información sobre sus causas y responsables.
Según detalles facilitados por autoridades del Ministerio del Interior, la responsabilidad corresponde al ciudadano Reynier Dip González, de 26 años de edad y residente en La Maya, quien invadió con el camión que conducía hacia Guantánamo, la senda contraria por la cual circulaba el guiado por Andrés Gómez Affarriba, en dirección a La Maya.
Tras rebasar el frente sin contacto alguno, lo cual propicia que ningún conductor sufriera lesiones, ambos vehículos rozaron violentamente por su lateral izquierdo, quedando destrozado en más de la mitad el correspondiente al que transportaba pasajeros desde Yerba de Guinea a La Maya.
Como consecuencia quedaron sin vida 13 personas en el mismo sitio de la colisión (siete mujeres y seis hombres) incluyendo dos menores de 7 y 14 años, todos los cuales viajaban en ese Zil-130 que se dirigía a La Maya, que igualmente registra la mayoría de los heridos. Valga la precisión, pues erróneamente se relacionaron algunas víctimas al otro camión.
Al aportar tales elementos el primer teniente Yoandris Rodríguez González, segundo jefe de la Unidad de Tránsito en la provincia, señaló que atendiendo a su alta responsabilidad, propietarios de vehículos y conductores acogidos a la transportación masiva de pasajeros por cuenta propia, no deben estar asociados a peligrosas violaciones de la Ley 109, Código de Vialidad y Tránsito.
Revelador de ese imperativo es el hecho de que el camión marca International, propiedad de Juan Alberto Falcón Santana, que habitualmente cubría la ruta La Habana-Santiago de Cuba-Guantánamo, tiene a su cargo tres conductores y ninguno de ellos está exento en los últimos tres años a la suspensión de la licencia de conducción, por infracciones de la citada Ley.
Específicamente, Dip González provoca el accidente al violar el Artículo 65, que en síntesis establece transitar por la senda derecha del eje central de vías de ese tipo; el mismo por el que había sido reportado en Santa Clara otro día 28, pero de febrero último. Además, circulaba a exceso de velocidad para la actividad fijada al vehículo (60 km/hora).
De igual forma, la investigación arrojó la violación del Artículo 182, que prohíbe la circulación de vehículos con desperfectos técnicos en el sistema de frenos, pues el freno de servicio no accionó uniformemente en todas las ruedas y contribuyó al desplazamiento del carro hacia la senda opuesta.
Realmente el accidente estuvo lejos de ser obra de la casualidad o como se dice en cubano “mala suerte”, ya que si junto a la notificación de Santa Clara en el mismo año acumulaba otras tres por exceso de pasajeros, parqueo en zona de semáforos y violación de la luz roja, Reynier Dip carecía de idoneidad para este trabajo.
En cuanto a los dos restantes choferes, cada uno presentaba en el 2015 cuatro multas por viajar sin documentos, desperfecto técnico del vehículo, circulación prohibida, obstrucción en la vía y distracción, entre otras violaciones.
Sin duda alguna, asignatura pendiente constituye en el país el establecimiento de algún mecanismo que establezca en el sector particular el otorgamiento de licencias en esta actividad por cuenta propia, a quienes cumplan exigencias similares a las planteadas para conductores de ómnibus nacionales.
Mayor de su tipo en los últimos diez años en la provincia, además de enlutar a decenas de familias, el accidente ubicó a Santiago de Cuba, que ha invertido millones de pesos en la señalización de sus vías y el trabajo preventivo en general, en el nada halagüeño tercer lugar nacional en número de fallecidos por accidente del tránsito en el 2015.